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Willett Kempton

Professor, University of Delaware’s School of Marine Science and Policy, USA

Port Opportunities for offshore wind power deployment

Offshore wind is one of the fastest-growing renewable energy technologies, with areas of high activity including North Europe, the East Coast of the United States, and East Asia (esp. Taiwan and China). US Eastern states, for example, have committed to build 8,500 MW of offshore wind power over the next 8-9 years.  At over $3M-US/MW installed, this represents a total of over  $25B US, or about $3,000M/year.
This paper details the criteria needed for port development that would well-prepare ports for this emerging business.  These include high ground-bearing pressure, heavy-lift quay, large “laydown” area, and absence of overhead restrictions both in port and during the passage from port to planned sites.


Dr. Willett Kempton is a professor in the University of Delaware’s School of Marine Science and Policy within the College of Earth, Ocean, and Environment. Dr. Kempton is the Research Director for UD’s Center for Carbon-free Power Integration. His research interests and areas include: offshore wind power: public reactions, policy framework, large scale implementation; electricity policy; and electric vehicles for grid power storage. He has a joint appointment in the Department of Electric and Computer Engineering.
Dr. Kempton is a nationally renowned expert in two renewable energy fields: offshore wind power and electric cars/vehicles. He pioneered vehicle-to-grid (V2G) technology. V2G vehicles work like an electrical sponge, capable of absorbing excess energy when demand for power is low and returning some back to the electric grid when the demand for power is high.
Dr. Kempton also research into offshore wind turbines as a source of energy. Focus includes the viability and efficiency of such offshore wind farms, as well as gauging public support and public opposition. He is widely quoted by news outlets on proposed East Coast offshore wind farms off the coasts of Delaware and Cape Cod, amongst other locales.